NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758

Synonym
Vernacular Name
Northern Pike
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Fishing species
Remarks
Detail
Range is Holarctic and includes the Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Alaska to Labrador, south to Pennsylvania, Missouri, and Nebraska (Page and Burr 2011). This species has been introduced in many areas southward of the native range. This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations). Total adult population size is unknown but very large. Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable. This fish usually occurs in clear small lakes, shallow vegetated areas of larger lakes, marshes, creeks, and small to large rivers. It moves to deeper cooler water in summer. Spawning occurs in shallow flooded marshes associated with lakes, inlet streams to those lakes (or flooded terrestrial vegetation at reservoir edge), or rivers; spawning habitat is basically a flooded area with emergent vegetation (optimally over short grasses or sedges). Young remain in spawning habitat for several weeks after hatching.
Book reference
  • Погребняк О.І., Курячий К.В., Сидоренко О.А. Іхтіофауна перспективної для заповідання ділянки русла річки Сухий Торець // Моніторинг та охорона біорізноманіття в Україні / Серія: «Conservation Biology in Ukraine». – 2020. – Вип.16, Т.3. – С.412-416.
  • Соколов Н.Ю. Каталог колекції круглоротих і риб Державного природознавчого музею НАН України // Наукові записки Державного природознавчого музею. – Львів, 2004. – Т.19. – С. 15-28.
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  • Kutsokon Iu., Kvach Yu., Dykyy I., Dzyziuk N. The first report of the brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus (Le Sueur, 1819) in the Dniester River drainage, Ukraine // BioInvasions Records. - 2018. - Vol.7, Iss.3. - P.319-324.
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Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Esociformes
Esocidae