NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Synonym
  • Pleuronectes passer Linnaeus, 1758
  • Pleuronectes roseus Shaw, 1796
  • Platessa carnaria Brown, 1830
  • Platessa glabra Rathke, 1837
  • Flesus vulgaris Moreau, 1881
Vernacular Name
Baltic Flounder, Butt, European Flounder, Fluke, Mud Flounder, River Flounder, White Fluke
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
This natural range of Platichthys flesus extends from the White Sea to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Due to accidental introductions in ballast water, it may also be found around North America. Platichthys flesus is common throughout its range. Platichthys flesus is common around the British Isles, where it is typically found resting on the muddy substrate of estuaries. It has been found at a depth range of 1-100 m. It migrates into the open sea to breed from March to June, during which time it can migrate up to 300 km offshore, although it will more often migrate just 30 km. The larvae feed on copepods and diatoms and gradually shift to a diet of mysids, decapods, crustaceans, polychaetes, and bivalves. The young then return to estuarine waters, where they live on the bottom until they are ready to migrate and spawn.
Book reference
  • Соколов Н.Ю. Каталог колекції круглоротих і риб Державного природознавчого музею НАН України // Наукові записки Державного природознавчого музею. – Львів, 2004. – Т.19. – С. 15-28.
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Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Pleuronectiformes
Pleuronectidae