State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Triturus cristatus (Laurenti, 1768)

  • Triton cristatus Laurenti, 1768
  • Turanomolge mensbieri Nikolsky, 1918
Vernacular Name
Great Crested Newt, Northern Crested Newt, Crested newt, Warty Newt
Conservation status
Be (II); EUHD (II); CarpRL: EN
Value of species
Triturus cristatus formerly was considered to include four subspecies: T. cristatus cristatus; T. cristatus dobrogicus; T. cristatus karelinii; and T. cristatus carnifex. These are now recognized as separate species of the Triturus cristatus superspecies, and the specific name Triturus cristatus (sensu stricto) is attributed to the former nominative subspecies. The exact ranges of members of the Triturus cristatus superspecies are unclear in the central Balkans because of narrow or extensive areas of hybridization. This species is widely distributed from the United Kingdom and northern France, through southern Scandinavia, and central Europe, enters a small part of the Balkans, to the southwestern part of West Siberia (Kurganskaya Province; records in Sverdlovskaya Province need verification). The presence of this species in southern Hungary requires verification and is not mapped here, as earlier records of T. cristatus are now believed to refer to other Triturus species (M. Puky pers. comm.). It has an altitudinal range from sea level to 1,750m asl. (Arnold, 2003). Although the species is known to be declining or rare in parts of its distribution (e.g., Belgium, where only a few sites are known), it appears to remain relatively common in suitable habitats (although usually occurring in small numbers) over parts of its range. It can be found in coniferous, mixed and deciduous forests (composed of pine, birch, oak, alder etc.), their glades and edges, in forest steppe, bush lands, pastures, meadows, parks and gardens. Reproduction in permanent stagnant and in semi-flowing waters such as ponds, rarely lakes, flooded quarries, irrigation channels and ditches. The usage of small ponds is typical across the range. It can be found in modified habitat types, but this species is not considered to be very adaptable.
Book reference
  • Літопис природи. Природний заповідник «Медобори». 2018, т.26. – Гримайлів, 2019. – 509 с.
  • Літопис природи. Природний заповідник «Розточчя». 2018, т.32. – Івано-Франкове, 2019. – 000 с.
  • Селюнина З.В. Результаты мониторинга териофауны Черноморского биосферного заповедника в 2000-2012 гг. // Природничий альманах. Серія. Біологічні науки. – 2013. – Вип.18. – С.147-167.
  • Смірнов Н., Андрющенко Т., Хлус Л. Нові надходження земноводних у фонди зоологічного музею Чернівецького університету // Сучасний музей. Наукова й експозиційна діяльність. Матеріали наукової конференції, присвяченої 145-й річниці заснування Крайового музею в Чернівцях (15 травня 2008 р.) / Ред. О. П. Затуловська, І. А. Піддубний, І. В. Скільський. – Чернівці: ДрукАрт, 2008. – С.120-124.

Taxonomic branch