NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Alosa maeotica (Grimm, 1901)

Synonym
  • Clupea maeotica Grimm, 1901
  • Alosa braschnikowii subsp. maeotica (Grimm, 1901)
  • Alosa brashnikovi subsp. maeotica (Grimm, 1901)
Vernacular Name
Black Sea shad, Azov shad
Images
Conservation status
IUCN: LC; Endemic
Value of species
Fishing species
Remarks
Detail
A species of clupeid fish endemic to the Sea of Azov and the western part of the Black Sea basin. It is found in Bulgaria, Georgia, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. This is one of the several shad species endemic the Ponto-Caspian basin. Note that the same common names (Black Sea shad, Azov shad) are connected also to another species, Alosa tanaica. Common within the species range. Habitat. At sea, pelagic in deep water, entering brackish lagoons to spawn. Biology. Spawns first at two years. Many individuals spawn 2-4 seasons. In Romania, spawners enter Lake Razelm when temperature reaches about 7°C, in March. Spawning starts when temperature reaches about 15°C, in late April-June. Eggs sink to bottom. Spent fish return to sea to feed. In autumn, migrates to southern Black Sea to overwinter. Juveniles migrate to sea or remain in estuaries during first summer. Feeds predominantly on small fish and crustaceans.
Book reference
  • Котенко Т.И., Ардамацкая Т.Б., Дубина Д.В. и др. Биоразнообразие Джарылгача: современное состояние и пути сохранения // Вісник зоології. – 2000. – Спец. випуск. – 240 с.
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Clupeiformes
Clupeidae
PARTNERS