NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Clupeonella cultriventris (Nordmann, 1840)

Synonym
  • Clupea cultriventris Nordmann, 1840
  • Clupea delicatula Nordmann, 1840
Vernacular Name
Black Sea sprat
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Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Fishing species
Remarks
Detail
Northwestern Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Native: Bulgaria; Romania; Russian Federation; Turkey; Ukraine. Very abundant in esturine habitats. Habitat: Euryhaline, in coastal waters, lagoons and lakes, estuaries and lower reaches of large rivers with a salinity up to 13 ‰. Absent from pure seawater. Biology: Pelagic. Lives up to five years. Spawns in open water in late evening in April-July at 10-18°C. Eggs are pelagic. In Azov See, there are two spawning runs, one in spring and one in autumn. Individuals migrating in autumn overwinter close to spawning sites and spawn in spring. Returns to sea after spawning. Juveniles migrate to sea during first summer. Feeds on crustaceans such as copepods and cladocerans.
Book reference
  • Котенко Т.И., Ардамацкая Т.Б., Дубина Д.В. и др. Биоразнообразие Джарылгача: современное состояние и пути сохранения // Вісник зоології. – 2000. – Спец. випуск. – 240 с.
  • Соколов Н.Ю. Каталог колекції круглоротих і риб Державного природознавчого музею НАН України // Наукові записки Державного природознавчого музею. – Львів, 2004. – Т.19. – С. 15-28.
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Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Clupeiformes
Clupeidae