NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Cobitis taenia Linnaeus, 1758

Synonym
Vernacular Name
Spined Loach
Images
Conservation status
Be (III)
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
Atlantic drainages from Seine northward, Baltic basin south of 61ºN, upper Volga drainages, northern Black Sea basin (except Danube). Ancient records from Adour, Garonne and Loire drainages (France) require confirmation. Habitat: From small lowland streams to large rivers. In channels, ditches, backwaters and lakes on sand bottom. Able to inhabit very degraded streams especially if siltation is a problem. In Baltic Sea at salinity up to 5 %. Biology: Females live up to five years, males up to three. Females spawn for the first time at 2-3 years, males at 1-2 years and more than 45 mm SL. Spawns in April-July, at temperatures above 18°C. Eggs are spawned in dense vegetation. Fractional spawner, producing 1-18 portions (under laboratory conditions). Larvae negatively phototactic, hiding under vegetation and in debris until beginning of exogenous feeding. Usually occurring together with hybridogenous, sperm-parasitic lineages, which have originated by hybridisation with C. elongatoides.
Book reference
  • Погребняк О.І., Курячий К.В., Сидоренко О.А. Іхтіофауна перспективної для заповідання ділянки русла річки Сухий Торець // Моніторинг та охорона біорізноманіття в Україні / Серія: «Conservation Biology in Ukraine». – 2020. – Вип.16, Т.3. – С.412-416.
  • Соколов Н.Ю. Каталог колекції круглоротих і риб Державного природознавчого музею НАН України // Наукові записки Державного природознавчого музею. – Львів, 2004. – Т.19. – С. 15-28.
    View source
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Cypriniformes
Cobitidae