- Cobitis aurata balcanica Karaman, 1922
- Cobitis balcanica Karaman, 1922
- Cobitis montana Vladykov, 1925
Balcan Spined Loach
No status defined
Value of species
Populations (even from close localities) exhibit important differences in pigmentation pattern, morphology and habitat. Although this variability lead to the recognition of several populations as distinct taxa. Kottelat and Freyhoff (2007) treat the Danubian and Balkan populations as a single species; however, this requires critical re-examination.
Black Sea basin, in Danube drainage; Aegean Sea basin, in Maritza and from Gallikos to Pinios drainages.
Habitat: Mainly hill streams with clear water and bottom with sand or fine gravel bottom. In moderate current with few plants at water depths up to 1.5 m. Also observed in large rivers.
Biology: Burrows during daylight into sand, sometimes in gravel. Spawns in spring. In aquarium, eggs indiscriminately scattered over sand, gravel and plants. A dwarf population was observed in a pond fed by a warm thermal spring with constant temperature in western Romania.
- Соколов Н.Ю. Каталог колекції круглоротих і риб Державного природознавчого музею НАН України // Наукові записки Державного природознавчого музею. – Львів, 2004. – Т.19. – С. 15-28.