- Papilio levana Linnaeus, 1758
No status defined
Value of species
Western Ukraine, IV-VI, VII-IX(2) (Канарський, 2007).
It is common throughout the lowlands of central and eastern Europe, and is expanding its range in western Europe. A. levana was found in northern Scandinavia on May 30, 1973, in south-eastern Finland, in Lauritsala, by a young lepidopterist, Mr Jouko E. Hokka. The specimen was the first known A. levana in northern Europe, excluding Denmark.
The map is unusual in that its two annual broods look very different. The summer brood are black with white markings, looking like a miniature version of the white admiral and lacking most of the orange of the pictured spring brood.
The eggs are laid in long strings, one on top of the other, on the underside of stinging nettles, the larval food plant. It is thought that these strings of eggs mimic the flowers of the nettles, thereby evading predators. The larvae feed gregariously and hibernate as pupae.