NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Bombus sylvarum (Linnaeus, 1761)

Synonym
  • Apis sylvarum Linnaeus, 1761
  • Megabombus sylvarum Linnaeus, 1761
  • Bombus daghestanicus Radoszkowski, 1877
  • Bombus dagestanicus Radoszkowski, 1877
Vernacular Name
Shrill Carder-bee, Knapweed Carder-bee, Shrill carder bee
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Pollinator species
Remarks
Detail
One of 51 species of the subgenus Thoracobombus. One of 250 world known species of the genus Bombus, and one of 40 bumblebee species in the fauna of Ukraine. Distribution: Palaearctic Region: Europe east to the Ob. A small species with a mid-length tongue, emerging in late spring, and nesting below the surface of the ground, sometimes with a long entrance tunnel, or on the surface of the ground. Colonies are small and relatively mild tempered when disturbed. Workers have a fast flight with a high pitched buzz. [[Bombus sylvarum is widely distributed in the West-Palaearctic region. It may be quite common and in some places, it is the predominant bumblebee species. West, its range extends in the Iberian peninsula to the parallel of Madrid. It is present in England, Wales and SE. Ireland but completely absent from Scotland. North, it extends in Fennoscandia to the 63rd parallel and in Russia to the 60th parallel. East, it hardly extends beyond the southern part of the Ural Mts., to Cheliabinsk. South-east, B. sylvarum is present throughout E. Anatolia, where it is present as its steppic daghestanicus form, in the Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and NW. Iran. In the latter country, it does not reach the Mazandaran region. In the southern part of its range, B. sylvarum is clearly a montane species. It reaches the Etna in Sicily and the Taurus and Amanaus in Anatolia. In the Balkan, its limits are more northern : the mountains in N. Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Pindos Mts., in N. Greece. It is absent from the large Mediterranean islands (except Sicily) and from N. Africa. Bombus sylvarum can be very abundant in some locations]].
Book reference
Experts
  • Iren KONOVALOVA, e-mail: iren@museum.lviv.net

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Arthropoda
Hexapoda
Insecta
Hymenoptera
Apidae