NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Vinca minor L.

Synonym
  • Pervinca heterophyla Rafin.
  • Pervinca minor (L.) Garsault
  • Pervinca minor (L.) Scop., 1771
Vernacular Name
Common Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Dwarf Periwinkle, Small Periwinkle, in the United States: Myrtle or Creeping Myrtle
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Medicinal plant; Ornamental species; Poisonous species
Remarks
Detail
Occurrence: Au(A), Be, Co, Cs, Ct, Ga(F), Ge, Gr, He, Ho, Hs(S), Hu, It, La, Lt, Lu, Mo, Po, Rf(K), Rm, Si(S), Sk, Sl, Sr, Tu(A), Uk(K), [cBr, Bu, cDa, Es, cHb, Hb(E), No, Su, cTu(E)] (EuroMed, 2018). A species of flowering plant native to central and southern Europe, from Portugal and France north to the Netherlands and the Baltic States, east to the Caucasus, and also southwestern Asia in Turkey. Vinca minor is a trailing, viny subshrub, spreading along the ground and rooting along the stems to form large clonal colonies and occasionally scrambling up to 40 centimetres (16 in) high but never twining or climbing. The leaves are evergreen, opposite, 2–4.5 centimetres (0.79–1.77 in) long and 1–2.5 centimetres (0.39–0.98 in) broad, glossy dark green with a leathery texture and an entire margin. The flowers are solitary in the leaf axils and are produced mainly from early spring to mid summer but with a few flowers still produced into the autumn; they are violet-purple (pale purple or white in some cultivated selections), 2–3 centimetres (0.79–1.18 in) diameter, with a five-lobed corolla. The fruit is a pair of follicles 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) long, containing numerous seeds. The closely related species Vinca major is similar, but larger in all parts, and also has relatively broader leaves with a hairy margin. Vinca minor contains more than 50 alkaloids, including vincamine.
Book reference
  • Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
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Experts
  • Alexander KUZYARIN, Dr, e-mail: kuzyarin@gmail.com

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Gentianales
Apocynaceae