NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Spalax arenarius Reshetnik, 1939

Synonym
Vernacular Name
Sandy Mole Rat
Images
Conservation status
IUCN: EN; RDBUkr: Неоцінені; Endemic
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
An endemic species of southern Ukraine, found only on the lower Dnepr sands. Its extent of occurrence is c. 2000 km2, and its area of occupancy is about 55 km2. The main part of the population lies within the Black Sea Biosphere Reserve. Outside the reserve it occurs in fragments of poor quality habitat near the Lower Dnepr River sands. Those parts of the range are very fragmented. The population is stable only in Black Sea State Reserve. In other areas the population is declining because of afforestation of the sands (for stabilisation of the sands and wood production). A stenotopic species, it inhabits light, moderately wet sandy soils with low subterranean waters. Never occurs in moving sands, alkali soils and in dry feather-grass steppes. It prefers absinth-grass and absinth-spurge steppes with very sparse vegetation. Its ecology is poorly studied. A solitary species; individual range is more than 80 m2. It feeds on most plants that are abundant in its range (Eryngium campestre, Artemisia campestris, Tragopogon ucrainicum etc.). It reproduces once a year, with copulation occurring in March and birth in April-May. Lactation period is about a month.
Book reference
  • Селюніна З.В. Зміни складу теріофауни регіону Чорноморського заповідника в результаті інвазії видів (історія вивчення ссавців та господарського освоєння) // Праці Теріологічної Школи. - 2014. - Т.12. - С.69-80.
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Mammalia
Muriformes
Spalacidae
PARTNERS