NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Artemisia absinthium L.

Synonym
  • Artemisia baldaccii Degen
  • Absinthium majus Geoffr.
  • Absinthium officinale Lam.
  • Absinthium vulgare (L.) Lam.
  • Artemisia absinthia St.-Lag.
  • Artemisia pendula Salisb.
Vernacular Name
Absinthe, Absinthium, Absinthe Wormwood, Grand Wormwood, Wormwood
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Pollinator species; Medicinal plant
Remarks
Detail
Occurrence: Ab(A, N), Ag, Al, Ar, Au(A, L), Be(B, L), BH, Br, Bu, By, Cg, Cr, Cs, Ct, Da, Es, Ga(C, F), Ge, Gg, Gr, He, Ho, Hs(A, S), Hu, It, Lt, Lu, Ma, Mk, Mo, dNo, Po, Rf(C, CS, E, K, N, NW, S), Rm, -Si(S), Sk, Sl, Sr, Su, Tu(A), dTu(E), Uk(K, U), [Au(A), ?Az, nCo, nFe, Hb(E, N), aLa, cSa] (EuroMed, 2018). A species of Artemisia native to temperate regions of Eurasia and Northern Africa and widely naturalized in Canada and the northern United States. It is grown as an ornamental plant and is used as an ingredient in the spirit absinthe as well as some other alcoholic beverages. It grows naturally on uncultivated arid ground, on rocky slopes, and at the edge of footpaths and fields. Although once relatively common, it is becoming increasingly rare in the UK where it has recently been suggested that it is an archeophyte rather than a true native. It is an ingredient in the spirit absinthe, and is used for flavouring in some other spirits and wines, including bitters, vermouth and pelinkovac. As medicine, it is used for dyspepsia, as a bitter to counteract poor appetite, for various infectious diseases, Crohn's disease, and IgA nephropathy. In the Middle Ages, wormwood was used to spice mead, and in Morocco it is used with tea, called sheeba. In 18th century England, wormwood was sometimes used instead of hops in beer.
Book reference
  • Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
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Experts
  • Alexander KUZYARIN, Dr, e-mail: kuzyarin@gmail.com

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Asterales
Asteraceae (=Compositae)
PARTNERS