- Mus talpinus Pallas, 1770
Northern Mole Vole
Value of species
Steppe grassland and semi-deserts in SE Europe, Kazakhstan (except SE Kazakhstan), Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Sometimes found in forest-steppes.
Iran, Islamic Republic of; Kazakhstan; Russian Federation; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan.
Common throughout most of the range. In some parts it is abundant on cultivated lands, especially along forest belts, where one hectare could be inhabited by 15 family groups. In some parts in Russia and Kazakhstan it is a considerable pest. The population in Ukraine is fragmented and declining owing to cultivation of steppe areas. It has been extirpated from areas between Dnieper River and Lugansk region, and from the Dnieper to Crimea (I. Zagorodnyuk pers. comm. 2006).
A typical subterranean steppe mammal. Lives in large groups, digs complex burrows which may be inhabited by around ten animals. Colonies are very mobile. Burrow entrances usually sealed with soil. Feeds on subterranean plant parts. Nesting chambers (especially winter ones) and foraging chambers are usually about 4 meters underground. Seldom emerges above ground (usually only to clear soil from the burrow or to disperse, rarely for feeding). During dispersal could cover distances up to 800 meters. No real hibernation, but in winter as well as during summer heat and drought, activity declines significantly. During the warm period of the year gives birth to two litters with 2-3 young in each.
- Загороднюк, І., Коробченко, М., Підгайний, М. Найдавніші колекційні зразки Ellobius talpinus (Rodentia) у природничих музеях України: розвідки з історії колекцій // Вісник Національного науково-природничого музею. – 2015. – Т. 13. – С.101-110.