State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Solidago canadensis L.

  • Aster canadensis (L.) Kuntze
  • Doria canadensis (L.) Lunell
  • Solidago altissima L.
Vernacular Name
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Occurrence: [cAu, nAu(A, L), nBe(B, L), BH, nBr, nBu, By, Cg, Co, nCs, nCt, Da, nEs, nFe, nGa(C, F), nGe, Gg, Hb(E), nHb(N), nHe, nHo, nHs(A), Hs(S), nHu, nIt, nJu, nLa, nLt, Mo, nNo, nPo, Rf(C, E, N, NW, S), nRf(CS, K), nRm, nSk, Sl, Sr, nSu, Tu(A), Uk(K), nUk(U)] (EuroMed, 2018). An herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae native to northeastern and north-central North America but established as an invasive plant in other parts of the continent and in other countries as well. It is often grown as an ornamental in flower gardens. The plant is erect, often forming colonies. Flowers are small yellow heads held above the foliage on a branching inflorescence. Solidago canadensis is sometimes browsed by deer and is good to fair as food for domestic livestock such as cattle or horses. It is found in a variety of habitats, although it is not shade tolerant. It typically is one of the first plants to colonize an area after disturbance (such as fire) and rarely persists once shrubs and trees become established. It is found neither in very dry locations nor in waterlogged ones. In many parts of Europe, Japan and China, it is established as an invasive weed. In eastern and southeastern China, particularly the provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Jiangxi and Shanghai, its invasion has reached pandemic levels and has caused widespread concern. It has been reported that the invasion of the Canada Golden-rod along with other invasive plants, has caused the extinction of 30 native plants in Shanghai. In the city of Ningbo, Zhejiang, it has reduced local orange harvests. It is still spreading across China, and sightings have been reported in as far as Yunnan province. Various national and provincial authorities have been on high alert. In Fukushima, it has taken over the rice fields that have been temporarily abandoned because of the nuclear power plant disaster.
Book reference
  • Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
    View source
  • Alexander KUZYARIN, Dr, e-mail:

Taxonomic branch

Asteraceae (=Compositae)