NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Microtus oeconomus (Pallas, 1776)

Synonym
  • Mus oeconomus Pallas, 1776
  • Microtus (Alexandromys) oeconomus (Pallas, 1776)
  • Alexandromys oeconomus (Pallas, 1776)
Vernacular Name
Root Vole, Tundra Vole
Images
Conservation status
Be (III)
Value of species
Remarks
Subspecies arenicola (from the Netherlands) is listed on Annex II of the EU Habitats and Species Directive, and both M. oe. arenicola and M. oe. mehelyi (the latter from Austria, Hungary and Slovakia) are listed on Annex IV. In North America, the following subspecies are regarded as being of conservation concern (all are island forms): M. o. punakensis (S1); M. o. amakensis and M. o. elymocetes (S2); and M. o. innuitus, M. o. popofensis, M. o. sitkensis, and M. o. unalascensis (S3).
Detail
Microtus (Alexandromys) oeconomus (Pallas, 1776) Microtus oeconomus arenicola (de Selys-Longchamps, 1841) Microtus oeconomus finmarchicus Siivonen, 1967 Microtus oeconomus medius (Nilsson, 1844) Microtus oeconomus mehelyi Ehik, 1928 Microtus oeconomus oeconomus (Pallas, 1776) Microtus oeconomus petschorae Ognev, 1944 Microtus oeconomus ratticeps (Keyserling & Bläsius, 1841) Microtus oeconomus stimmingi (Nehring, 1899) Small isolated subpopulations are considered separate subspecies (e.g. Netherlands and the Pannonian population). Microtus oeconomus is a Holarctic species, with a wide range extending from north-west Europe in the west to Alaska in the East. In North America, restricted to Alaska and northwest Canada. In Europe, its main range extends from eastern Germany and northern Fennoscandia through Poland, Belarus, and northern and central European Russia; isolated relict populations are found in the Netherlands, southern Norway and northern Sweden, the Finnish coast, and Austria, Slovakia and Hungary (van Apeldoorn 1999, Shenbrot and Krasnov 2005). In China found in northern Xinjiang and northern Nei Mongol. In Mongolia found in northern areas including Mongol Altai, Hangai, Hövsgöl Hentii and Ikh Hyangan mountain ranges, and Mongol Daguur Steppe (Sokolov et al., 1985). A widespread and abundant species, although in some areas (e.g. parts of Europe, some North American islands) its status is less favourable. It typically inhabits damp, densely-vegetated areas along the edges of lakes, streams and marshes; may be found in tundra, taiga, forest-steppe, and even semi-desert. Wet meadows, bogs, fens, riverbanks and flooded shores are all important habitats (Tast 1982, van Apeldoorn 1999). Feeds on green vegetation.
Book reference
  • Татаринов К. А. Звірі західних областей України (матеріали до вивчення фауни Української РСР). - Київ: Вид-во АН УРСР, 1956. - 188 с.
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Mammalia
Muriformes
Arvicolidae