NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Berteroa incana (L.) DC.

Synonym
  • Alyssum incanum L.
  • Berteroa stricta Boiss. & Heldr.
  • Farsetia incana (L.) R. Br.
Vernacular Name
Hoary Alyssum, False Hoary Madwort, Hoary Berteroa, Hoary Alison
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
Occurrence: Al, Ar, Au(A), Be(L), BH, Bu, By, Cg, Cs, Ct, Da, Es, Gr, Hu, It, La, Lt, Mk, Mo, Po, Rf, Rm, Sl, Sr, Tu(E), Uk(K, U), [Be(B), Br, Fe, Ga(F), Ge, He, Ho, Hs(S), No, Su] (Euromed, 2018). It is native to Eurasia and it has been introduced to western Europe and North America. It is listed as an invasive noxious weed in some areas of United States. This species has been described as a biennial herb, and as an annual to short-lived perennial. It is hairy, with flattened star-shaped and simple hairs. It produces one or more upright stems usually 30 to 80 centimeters tall, sometimes exceeding one meter. The basal leaves are up to 8 to 10 centimeters long. The leaves are hairy and grayish. The inflorescence is a dense raceme of flowers. The four white petals are roughly half a centimeter long and are tipped with two lobes. The fruit is a hairy silicle up to a centimeter long. It is sometimes considered an ornamental plant good for landscaping purposes. It is planted to cover waste ground at mining sites and in urban areas in Europe. The plant is toxic to horses. Green and dry material is sometimes found in alfalfa feed. Signs of poisoning include lameness due to laminitis and leg edema, stiffness, fever, diarrhea, intravascular hemolysis, hypovolemic shock, premature birth, abortion, gut ulceration, edema of the kidneys, pulmonary edema, and calcium crystals in the urine. It can be fatal, but most horses survive with treatment. The toxic compound is not known.
Book reference
  • Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
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Experts
  • Alexander KUZYARIN, Dr, e-mail: kuzyarin@gmail.com

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Brassicales
Brassicaceae