NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J.Scott

Synonym
  • Chenopodium scoparia L.
  • Kochia childsii hort.
  • Kochia densiflora Turcz. ex Aellen
  • Kochia sicorica O. Bolòs & Masclans
  • Kochia sieversiana (Pall.) C. A. Mey.
  • Suaeda sieversiana Pall.
Vernacular Name
Burningbush, Ragweed, Summer Cypress, Mock-cypress, Kochia, Belvedere, Mexican Firebrush, Mexican Fireweed
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Ornamental species
Remarks
Detail
Occurrence: Ab(A), Ar, Ct, Cy, Gg, dGr, Hs(S), Lu, dRf(C, E, K, N, NW), Rf(S), dSy, Tu(A), dUk(K), [aAg, nAl, nAu(A), Bl, aBl(N), Br, nBu, nBy, Ca(C, F, T), Co, nCr, nCs, nCt, aDa, aEs, aFe, nGa(F), nGe, nGr, aHb(E), nHe, Ho, nHs(S), nHu, Ir, nIt, Jo, nJu, aLa, aLi, Lt, nLu, nMa, nMk, Mo, aNo, nPo, nRf(C), Rf(E, K, NW), aRf(N), nRm, nSi(M, S), nSk, nSl, nSr, aSu, nTu(E), Uk, nUk(K, U)] (EuroMed, 2018). A large annual herb native to Eurasia. It has been introduced to many parts of North America, where it is found in grassland, prairie, and desert shrub ecosystems. The seed of Bassia scoparia is dispersed by wind and water, and it is transported when the whole plant detaches and rolls on the wind as a tumbleweed. The seed does not persist in the soil seed bank, dying within about a year if it fails to germinate. The species is a C4 plant, specifically of the NADP-ME type. This plant is grown as an ornamental for its red fall foliage. It has also been useful in erosion control on denuded soils. It has been suggested as an agent of phytoremediation, because it is a hyperaccumulator of chromium, lead, mercury, selenium, silver, zinc, and uranium. B. scoparia contains higher levels of protein and oxalate than most grasses and fodder plants, thus it also serves as a good forage crop for livestock. When grown as ornamental plant, it is a good choice as evergreen foliage plant for landscapes. The species was first published in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, who named it Chenopodium scoparium. In 1809, it was placed in the genus Kochia by Heinrich Schrader. It was transferred to Bassia in 1978 by Andrew John Scott. Kochia was included in Bassia in 2011 following phylogenetic studies.
Book reference
  • Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
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Experts
  • Alexander KUZYARIN, Dr, e-mail: kuzyarin@gmail.com

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Caryophyllales
Chenopodiaceae