NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Leucaspius delineatus (Heckel, 1843)

Synonym
  • Squalius delineatus Heckel, 1843
  • Cyprinus fischeri Valenciennes, 1844
  • Aspius ovsianka Czernay, 1851
  • Aspius owsianka Czernay, 1851
  • Leucaspius abruptus Heckel & Kner, 1858
  • Cyprinus pallasii Kessler, 1860
Vernacular Name
Moderlieschen
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
From lower Rhine and northern Germany eastward to southern Baltic basin; Black Sea basin south to Rioni drainage, northern and western Caspian basin (south to Kura drainage); Aegean Sea basin (from Maritsa to Nestos). Absent in Italy, Adriatic basin, Great Britain and Scandinavia (except southernmost Sweden). Widely introduced in France, upper Rhine drainage, locally in Great Britain and Switzerland and invasive in western Siberia (Ob basin in Russia and Kazakhstan). Habitat: Lowland riverine habitats especially oxbows and other water bodies only connected to rivers during floods. Often found in ponds, steppe lakes and small water bodies not connected to rivers. May occur in any habitat with few or no predators. Biology: Gregarious. Spawns for the first time at one year; spawns only for a single season. Spawns in May-September, when temperature reaches 16°C. Females may spawn about once every three weeks. Males are territorial; they clean the spawning site and guard the eggs, which are attached in strings around roots, reeds, aquatic vegetation or any material drifting on the water surface. Feeds mostly on zooplankton and terrestrial insects. Stunted populations may form in predator-free habitats. Often quickly reaches newly-created water bodies by still unknown mechanisms. Scales were used to produce Essence d'Orient, which was used for coating artificial pearls.
Book reference
  • Погребняк О.І., Курячий К.В., Сидоренко О.А. Іхтіофауна перспективної для заповідання ділянки русла річки Сухий Торець // Моніторинг та охорона біорізноманіття в Україні / Серія: «Conservation Biology in Ukraine». – 2020. – Вип.16, Т.3. – С.412-416.
  • Соколов Н.Ю. Каталог колекції круглоротих і риб Державного природознавчого музею НАН України // Наукові записки Державного природознавчого музею. – Львів, 2004. – Т.19. – С. 15-28.
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  • Шацьке поозер’я. Тваринний світ: кол. моногр. / А.-Т.В. Башта, В.К. Бігун, М.Г. Білецька [та ін.]; за ред. П.Я. Кілочицького. – Луцьк : Вежа-Друк, 2016. - 610 с. (Електронне видання на CD-ROM)
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Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Cypriniformes
Cyprinidae