NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Synonym
  • Cyprinus idus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Cyprinus idbarus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Cyprinus jeses Linnaeus, 1758
  • Cyprinus microlepidotus Ekström, 1835
Vernacular Name
Ide
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Fishing species
Remarks
Detail
Baltic, Black, northern Caspian and North Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Seine and lower Loire drainages (France). Absent in Scandinavia north of 69°N. In Asia, eastward to Lena drainage and Aral basin. Introduced to Great Britain and northern Italy. Habitat: Usually in large lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Migrates to tributaries for spawning in moderate current on gravel or submerged vegetation. Biology: Juveniles gregarious, adults more solitary. Lives up to 15 years. Spawns for the first time at 5-6 years. Spawns in March-April, when temperature rises above 10°C. Females spawn only once each season. Adults often undertake long spawning migrations. Individual females spawn with several males. Males assemble at spawning grounds and follow ripe females. Females attach the sticky eggs to gravel or submerged plant material. Feeding larvae and juveniles inhabit a wide variety of shoreline habitats. They leave the shores for deeper waters when growing. Reaches up to 130 mm SL during first year. Feeds on a wide variety of aquatic and terrestrial animals and plant material. Large individuals become predominantly piscivorous. Sometimes hybridises with Aspius aspius.
Book reference
  • Шацьке поозер’я. Тваринний світ: кол. моногр. / А.-Т.В. Башта, В.К. Бігун, М.Г. Білецька [та ін.]; за ред. П.Я. Кілочицького. – Луцьк : Вежа-Друк, 2016. - 610 с. (Електронне видання на CD-ROM)
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Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Chordata
Gnathostomata
Actinopterygii
Cypriniformes
Cyprinidae