- Coluber situla Linnaeus, 1758
- Elaphe situla (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Coluber leopardinus Bonaparte, 1834
European Ratsnake, Leopard Snake
IUCN: LC; Be (II); EUHD (II); RDBUkr: Зникаючі
Value of species
This species is included in Zamenis following Utiger et al. (2002).
This species is present in southern Italy (only in Apulia, adjoining Basilicata and Sicily) and Malta, and also ranges from southern Croatia (including the Adriatic islands), through southern Bosnia-Herzegovina, southern Montenegro, Albania (littoral zone), Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean parts of Macedonia, southern Bulgaria and most Greece (including a number of Ionian and Aegean islands), east to Turkey (western Anatolia) and the Crimea of Ukraine. It has been recorded from Cyprus, but the record requires verification. This species is found from sea level up to 1,600 m asl.
Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Malta; Montenegro; Turkey; Ukraine.
This species is often found in scrubland, macchia, karst habitats, field edges, marshes, stream edges, vineyards, olive groves, on stone walls, and in rural gardens and buildings. It can be very common in small villages or other modified rural areas. The females lay about two to eight eggs in a clutch.