- Anemone alba Gilib.
- Anemone intermedia Winkl.
- Anemonoides nemorosa (L.) Holub
- Anemanthus nemorosus (L.) Fourr.
- Anemonanthea nemorosa (L.) S.F.Gray
European Thimbleweed, Wood Anemone, Windflower, Thimbleweed, Smell Fox
Value of species
Medicinal plant; Ornamental species; Nectar source
Early-spring flowering plant in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, native to Europe.
Anemone nemorosa is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant less than 30 centimetres (12 in) in height. The compound basal leaves are palmate or ternate (divided into three lobes). They grow from underground root-like stems called rhizomes and die back down by mid summer (summer dormant). The rhizomes spread just below the soil surface, forming long spreading clumps that grow quickly, contributing to the rapid spread of the species in woodlands, where they often carpet large areas. The plants start blooming in spring, March to May in the British Isles soon after the foliage emerges from the ground. The flowers are solitary, held above the foliage on short stems, with a whorl of three palmate or palmately-lobed leaflike bracts beneath. The flowers are 2 centimetres (0.8 in) diameter, with six or seven (and on rare occasions eight to ten) tepals (petal-like segments) with many stamens. In the wild the flowers are usually white but may be pinkish, lilac or blue, and often have a darker tint on the backs of the tepals.
The flowers are pollinated by insects, especially hoverflies. The seeds are achenes.
Common in shady woods.
This species spreads very slowly in UK forests, by as little as six feet per century, so it is often used as an indicator for ancient woodland.
- Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
- Alexander KUZYARIN, Dr, e-mail: email@example.com