NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Veronica persica Poir.

Synonym
  • Cardia filiformis Dulac
  • Cochlidiospermum buxbaumii Opiz
  • Pocilla persica (Poir.) Fourr.
  • Veronica buxbaumii Ten.
  • Veronica byzantina (Sibth. & Sm.) Degen
  • Veronica tournefortii C. C. Gmel.
Vernacular Name
Birdeye Speedwell, Common Field-speedwell, Persian Speedwell, Large Field Speedwell, Bird's-eye, Winter Speedwell
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
It is native to Eurasia and is widespread as an introduced species in the British Isles (where it was first recorded in 1825), North America, eastern Asia, including Japan and China, and Australia. Veronica persica is an annual or winter annual herb that reproduces from seed. Its cotyledons are triangular with truncated bases. The short-stalked leaves are broadly ovate with coarsely serrated margins, and measure one to two centimetres (0.4 to 0.8 in) long. The leaves are paired on the lower stem and are alternately arranged on the upper parts. The plant has weak stems that form a dense, prostrate groundcover. The tips of stems often grow upright. The flowers are roughly one centimetre (0.4 in) wide and are sky-blue with dark stripes and white centers. They are zygomorphic, having only one vertical plane of symmetry. They are solitary on long, slender, hairy stalks in the leaf axils. The seeds are transversely rugose and measure between one and two millimetres (0.04 and 0.08 in) long. There are five to 10 seeds per locule in the fruit. Veronica persica can be distinguished from similar species by its heart-shaped fruit with two widely-separated lobes. Although many species in the genus are used in gardens (such as V. exalta, V. incana, V. gentianoides, V. longifolia, V. perfoliata, and V. spicata), this species is generally seen as a weed and has no known horticultural uses.
Book reference
  • Кузярін О.Т. Судинні рослини території торфовища "Білогорща” (м. Львів) // Наукові основи збереження біотичної різноманітності. - 2010. - Т.1(8), №1. - С.75-90.
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Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Lamiales
Plantaginaceae