NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Ancylus fluviatilis Müller, 1774

Synonym
  • Ancylus abyssinicus Jickeli, 1874
  • Ancylus benoitianus Bourguignat, 1862
  • Ancylus capuloides Porro, 1838
  • Ancylus compressus Jickeli, 1874
  • Ancylus costulatus Bourguignat, 1853
  • Ancylus ellipticus Clessin, 1881
Vernacular Name
Common River Limpet
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Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
The distribution type is (probably since de-limitation of various southern and eastern forms which may be given independent species status is not understood) Eurosiberian Southern-temperate. This species occurs in Europe in the following countries and islands: The British Isles: Great Britain and Ireland, Czech Republic, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, France, Ukraine. Not in the North of Norway, southern Sweden, Finland. In large parts of the Mediterranean area (Iberian Peninsula, Italy, etc.) occurring there are marked forms which according to molecular genetic are stand-alone forms so far not named their own.Such forms are also found in northeastern Africa (coastal areas of Morocco to Tunisia, Hoggar mountains in Algeria), as well as in the Highlands up to 2240 m above sea level in Ethiopia. It found in Saudi Arabia (Brown and Wright 1980, Neubert 1998) and Yemen (Al-Safadi 1990 and from Caucasus, Armenia, but it is not known from the Afrotropical region. This freshwater limpet is rheophile, which lives in oxygen-rich fast-running waters and also in karst springs.It does not occur in waters which freeze in winter. They need a hard substrate with suitable (not too low and not too rich) algae growth, which is why they are frequent in Central Europe especially in rivers and streams.In North America and Western Europe they occur in lakes. In contrast to many other freshwater snails, the animals tolerate a base-poor acidic environment.Southern European, North African and Middle East representative of the species group can survive exposure due to low water levels up to a certain extent by forming a protective layer on the underside of the shell.In Central European forms, this is possible only to a limited extent, but they may survive low water levels by adhering firmly on the stone surface.
Book reference
  • Гураль Р.І., Гураль-Сверлова Н.В. Каталог прісноводних молюсків України [Електронний ресурс]. – 2018. – 317с.
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Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Mollusca
Mollusca_unranked_taxon
Gastropoda
Basommatophora
Planorbidae
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