NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Viola tricolor L.

Synonym
  • Mnemion agreste Fourr.
  • Mnemion contemptum Fourr.
  • Mnemion elegans Spach
  • Mnemion gracilescens Fourr.
  • Mnemion nemausense Fourr.
  • Mnemion sagotii Fourr.
  • Mnemion segetale Fourr.
  • Mnemion sudeticum Fourr.
  • Mnemion variatum Fourr.
Vernacular Name
European Wild Pansy, Johnny Jump Up, Heartsease, Heart's Ease, Heart's Delight, Tickle-my-fancy
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Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Medicinal plant; Ornamental species; Nectar source; Industrial crop
Remarks
Detail
A common European wild flower, growing as an annual or short-lived perennial. It has been introduced into North America, where it has spread. It is the progenitor of the cultivated pansy, and is therefore sometimes called wild pansy; before the cultivated pansies were developed, "pansy" was an alternative name for the wild form. It can produce up to 50 seeds at a time. The flowers can be purple, blue, yellow or white. It is common almost everywhere on the Eurasian continent, near the sea or inland, at altitudes ranging from 0 to 2,700 m. It grows in open grasslands, wastelands, mainly on acidic or neutral soils. It is also found on the banks and in the alluviums. As some of its names imply, V. tricolor has a long history of use in herbalism and folk medicine, both for epilepsy, skin diseases and eczema, and for respiratory problems such as bronchitis, asthma, and cold symptoms. It is also a diuretic, leading to its traditional use for rheumatism and cystitis. The flowers have also been used to make yellow, green and blue-green dyes, while the leaves can be used to indicate acidity.
Book reference
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Malpighiales
Violaceae