NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Trientalis europaea L.

Synonym
  • Lysimachia europaea (L.) U. Manns & Anderb.
  • Alsinanthemum europaeum (L.) Greene
  • Lysimachia trientalis Klatt
  • Trientalis alsiniflora Gilib.
  • Trientalis arctica Fisch.
Vernacular Name
Arctic Starflower, Chickweed-wintergreen
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Medicinal plant; Ornamental species; Nectar source
Remarks
Detail
A small herbaceous perennial plant with one or more whorls of obovate leaves. The leaves take on a copper hue in late summer. The solitary white flowers (1–2 cm diameter, usually with 6-8 petals) appear in midsummer. Trientalis europaea occurs throughout boreal regions of Europe and Asia, but is largely replaced by Trientalis borealis in corresponding habitats in North America. This is a woodland indicator species, and in Scotland it is found on acid, organic soils, mainly in pine, birch and oak woodland and moorland which has supported woodland in the past. The plant is a weak competitor, rarely reproducing by seed but forming extensive clonal populations interconnected by rhizomes during the growing season. The rhizomes and above-ground parts are deciduous, the plant forming overwintering tubers. The range of the plant is changing little in Scotland, but it has declined in northern England due to woodland clearance and moor burning. The flower is the provincial flower of the Värmland province in Sweden.
Book reference
  • Літопис природи. Природний заповідник «Розточчя». 2018, т.32. – Івано-Франкове, 2019. – 000 с.
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Ericales
Primulaceae