NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Adonis vernalis L.

Synonym
  • Adonanthe vernalis (L.) Spach
  • Chrysocyathus vernalis (L.) Holub
Vernacular Name
Oxeye, Pheasant's Eye, Spring Pheasant's Eye, Yellow Pheasant's Eye, False Hellebore
Images
Conservation status
CITES (II); RDBUkr: Неоцінені
Value of species
Medicinal plant; Ornamental species; Poisonous species
Remarks
Detail
A perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae. It is found in dry meadows and steppes in Eurasia. Isolated populations are found from Spain in the west across Central Europe with fine examples in Valais, Switzerland, and southern Europe, reaching southern Sweden in the north and Abruzzo in the south, with its main area of distribution being the Pannonian Basin and the West Siberian Plain. In contrast to most other European Adonis species, the flowers appear in springtime, and are up to 80 mm in diameter, with up to 20 bright yellow petals. The plant is poisonous, containing cardiostimulant compounds, such as adonidin and aconitic acid. In addition, it is often used as an ornamental plant. Infusions of the plant are used in the medicine Bekhterev's mixture.
Book reference
  • Літопис природи. Природний заповідник «Медобори». 2018, т.26. – Гримайлів, 2019. – 509 с.
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Plantae
Viridiplantae
Tracheophyta
Euphyllophytina
Magnoliopsida
Ranunculales
Ranunculaceae
PARTNERS