- Aquilegia alba Huftelen
- Aquilegia arbascensis Timb.-Lagr.
- Aquilegia cyclophylla Jeanb. & Timb.-Lagr.
- Aquilegia huteri Borbás
- Aquilegia mollis Jeanb.
- Aquilegia subalpina Boreau
European Columbine, Common Columbine, Granny's Nightcap, Granny's Bonnet
No status defined
Value of species
Ornamental species; Poisonous species
A species of columbine native to Europe. It is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.2 m tall, with branched, thinly hairy stems. The leaves are biternate; each leaf has three groups of three leaflets. The flowers, in various shades of purple, blue, pink and white, are pendent or horizontal with hooked spurs, and appear in early summer.
This species and various hybrids derived from it are popular garden flowers, available in a variety of single colours and bi-colours, in single and double forms. Though perennial, cultivars may be short-lived and thus best treated as biennials. Spent flower-heads should be removed to prevent the plant going to seed. Cultivars include the Barlow series (‘Nora Barlow’, 'Black Barlow', 'Rose Barlow', 'Christa Barlow'), 'Pretty Bonnets'. Seeds may be sold as mixtures. The white flowering cultivar 'Nivea' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Aphids and sawfly larvae may attack the plant.
- Літопис природи. Природний заповідник «Медобори». 2018, т.26. – Гримайлів, 2019. – 509 с.