- Apis argillacea Scopoli, 1763
- Bombus ligusticus Spinola, 1806
IUCN: LC; RDBUkr: Вразливі; RDBUkrCarp: EN
Value of species
This species is included in the National Red Lists or Red Data Books of the following four European countries: Switzerland (Vulnerable; Amiet 1994); Hungary (Critically Endangered; Sárospataki et al. 2005); Moldova (Endangered; Anonymous 2002) and Ukraine (Vulnerable; Monchenko et al. 2009).
One of 23 species of the subgenus Megabombus. One of 250 world known species of the genus Bombus, and one of 40 bumblebee species in the fauna of Ukraine.
DISTRIBUTION: Palaearctic Region. B. argillaceus is a typical East-Mediterranean species. To the west, the range of B. argillaceus extends in France to the upper valleys of the Alps and in Switzerland to the upper Rhone. It is found throughout N. Italy and in most of the Austria. The northern limit of its range runs through Slovakia. In Hungary, it is found everywhere. In Romania, it extends to the region of Cluj. It has been found in Moldavia and in Russia up to Kursk and Volgograd. To the east, Skorikov (1931) mentions it from E. Kazakstan. South and south-east, B. argillaceus is found throughout the Balkanic Peninsula, in Creta, Cyprus, Turkey, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and N. Iran, including the Kopet-Dag. Despite ancient erroneus citations, the species is totally absent from the Iberian Peninsula. It is a lowland species, generally absent from high mountains.
B. argillaceus is a large bumblebee. The large queen shows a unique colour pattern, being the only Evropean species with a completely black abdomen. It prefers to forage from flowers with a long corolla, which are best suited for its long tongue. Colonies are large. The species is not considered to be threatened: Least Concern in the IUCN Red List of European Bees.
- Проект організації території Чорноморського біосферного заповідника НАН України та охорони його природних комплексів. Ч. 1. К.- 2016. 300 с.
- Iren KONOVALOVA, e-mail: email@example.com