NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Bombus hypnorum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Synonym
  • Apis hypnorum Linnaeus, 1758
  • leucopygus Illiger, 1806
  • calidus Erichson in Middendorff, 1851
  • fletcheri Richards, 1934
  • insularis Sakagami & Ishikawa, 1969
  • koropokkrus Sakagami & Ishikawa, 1972
Vernacular Name
Tree bumblebee
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
One of 50 species of the subgenus Pyrobombus. One of 250 world known species of the genus Bombus, and one of 40 bumblebee species in the fauna of Ukraine. Distribution: Palaearctic, Japanese, Oriental Regions, Arctic border (Europe and Asia, including Himalaya and Taiwan, to the Pacific). The first definite record of this species from Britain was in 2001 (Goulson, Williams, 2001). It has since been recorded from several sites in southern England. A medium-sized species with a short tongue, emerging in early spring, and often nesting above the surface of the ground in cavities. [[Bombus hypnorum is quite common in a large part of continental Europe. It is found form Normandy (W. France) to Kamchatka and from the Pyrenees to the northern tree-line. It is completely absent from the Mediterranean region. In the Iberian peninsula, it is only found in some montane localities of the Pyrenees. In Italy, it does not live south of the Tuscany. It is absent from the Balkan, as from the steppic regions of Romania, Ukraine and S Russia. It has not been found in Asia Minor. It seems to expand toward the West since one century (Rasmont 1989). It was completely absent from the British Isl. until recently but it was first observed in England in 2001 (BWARS). It extended then very quickly (see http://www.bwars.com/bombus_hypnorum_map.htm). It is now expanding in Iceland where it was first observed in 2008 (http://www.ni.is/frettir/nr/1246)]].
Book reference
Experts
  • Iren KONOVALOVA, e-mail: iren@museum.lviv.net

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Arthropoda
Hexapoda
Insecta
Hymenoptera
Apidae