- Apis jonella Kirby, 1802
- alboanalis Franklin, 1913
Heath Humble-bee, Heath bumblebee
No status defined
Value of species
One of 50 species of the subgenus Pyrobombus. One of 250 world known species of the genus Bombus, and one of 40 bumblebee species in the fauna of Ukraine.
Distribution: Palaearctic, Arctic, W Nearctic Regions (Europe, nothern Asia, Alaska and Canada east to Hudson Bay).
A small species with a short tongue, emerging in early spring and nesting below the surface of the ground, though sometimes on the surface, or above the surface in cavities. This species nests particularly early in the year. It is less often seen in late summer and these records may often be for bees reared in secondary nests by queens produced earlier in the same year. Colonies are small.
[[The distribution of B. jonellus is very wide : from Iceland and the Sierra Cantabrica (ssp. yarrowianus) in the west to the Anadyr on the Pacific. In the north, the species is present beyond the Arctic Circle. According to Lшken ( 1973), it is as common as B. pratorum throughout Scandinavia (ssp. subborealis). In the British Is., Alford (1975) notes that B. jonellus is more common than B. pratorum in Scotland. In Russia, the distribution of B. jonellus is continuous north of the 55th parallel and rather patchy south of this latitude.
In the south of Europe, the range of B. jonellus is restricted to more particular, most often montane biotopes, reaching the highest mountains of the Iberian Peninsula where it is very rare.
Several subspecies quite unconsicuously coated are currently recognized (hebridensis, jonellus, martes, monapiae, subborealis, vogtianus, yarrowianus)]].
- Iren KONOVALOVA, e-mail: email@example.com