- Osmunda spicant L.
- Lomaria spicant (L.) Desv.
- Blechnum boreale Sw.
- Blechnum homophyllum (Christ) Samp.
Hard Fern, Deer Fern
No status defined
Value of species
It is native to Europe, western Asia, northern Africa, and western North America. Like some other species in the family Blechnaceae, it has two types of leaves. The sterile leaves have flat, wavy-margined leaflets 5 to 8 millimeters wide, while the fertile leaves have much narrower leaflets, each with two thick rows of sori on the underside.
S. spicant is hardy down to −20°C (−4°F) and evergreen, growing to 0.5 m (1 ft 8 in). It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
The species was first described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus as Osmunda spicant. It has been placed in a wide range of genera, including Blechnum (as Blechnum spicant). In the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I), it is placed in the genus Struthiopteris, in the subfamily Blechnoideae.