- Apis pascuorum Scopoli, 1763
- senilis (Fabricius, 1775)
- agrorum (Fabricius, 1787)
- thoracicus Spinola, 1806
- cognatus Stephens, 1846
- smithianus White, 1851
Common Carder-bee, Common carder bee
No status defined
Value of species
One of 51 species of the subgenus Thoracobombus. One of 250 world known species of the genus Bombus, and one of 40 bumblebee species in the fauna of Ukraine.
Distribution: Palaearctic Region (Europe and northern Asia to the Pacific).
A very common medium-sized species, with a long tongue, emerging in early spring, and nesting on the surface of the ground, Colonies are small and relatively mild tempered when disturbed.
[[Bombus pascuorum is, by far, the most abundant bumblebee species in the West-Palaearctic. Its distribution is very wide.
Northwards, it avoids the true tundra and it is absent from the Arctic islands, as well as from Iceland, the Orkneys, the Shetlands, the Hebrides and the Faeroes.
Southwards, it avoids steppic as well as warm Mediterranean surroundings : it is absent from the south of the Iberian peninsula, of Italy and of the Balkan. It is found in Corsica and Sicily, though not in Sardinia and it is absent from the other large Mediterranean islands. It is also absent from N. Africa, Syria, Lebanon and Israel.
Eastwards, it avoids the steppic regions of S. Ukraine, S. Russia, Anatolia and Iran but extends in Siberia to the Baikal region and S.-W. Yakutia.
Bombus pascuorum includes as much as 23 subspecies ( pascuorum; melleofacies; intermedius; dusmeti; bofilli; maculatus; freygessneri; rufocitrinus; rufostriatus; septentrionalis; siciliensis; vulgo; floralis; gotlandicus; pallidofacies; paphlagonicus; rehbinderi; mniorum; smithianus; moorselensis; olympicus; sparreanus; taleshensis.). They are often brightly coloured and conspicuously different.
In most of its area, the species is quite common. In the Mediterranean region, it is confined to the forests, the irrigated fields and some urban surroundings]].
- Iren KONOVALOVA, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org