NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Bombus pomorum (Panzer, 1805)

Synonym
  • Bremus pomorum Panzer, 1805
  • lefebvrei Lepeletier, 1835
Vernacular Name
Apple Humble-bee, Apple bumblebee
Images
Conservation status
RDBUkr: Вразливі
Value of species
Pollinator species
Remarks
Detail
One of 51 species of the subgenus Thoracobombus. One of 250 world known species of the genus Bombus, and one of 40 bumblebee species in the fauna of Ukraine. Distribution: Palaearctic Region (Europe east to Iran and the Urals). A medium-sized species with a long tongue, emerging in late spring, nesting below the surface of the ground. The apple humble-bee is found in western and central Europe and western Turkey, from northern France to the Perm region in Russia, but it is declining and once had a much wider distribution. It has been found once in the United Kingdom, in Kent (last record in 1864), but it is doubtful if it ever has been established there, but possibly only as a rare immigrant. This species is mainly found in wood-edges and open fields. The Turkish subspecies B. p. canus, however, lives on more or less alpine steppes at altitudes between 1,600 and 3,500 m (5,200 and 11,500 ft). [[Bombus pomorum belongs to the pomorum-group (formerly sg. Rhodobombus). B. pomorum pomorum lives in the plains and hills of West and Central Europe and W. Anatolia. The subspecies B. pomorum uralensis is found in the plains and the southern hills of the Ural region ; the subspecies B. pomorum canus in the subalpine and alpine steppes of E. Anatolia, Armenia and the Caucasus region. The distribution of B. pomorum pomorum is restricted in latitude. Its southern limits are: in Massif Central (France), in N. Greece, and in N. Anatolia. The most northern findings are from the Danish Jylland, with one ancient location in S. Sweden, southern Latvia and, in Russia, the Novgorod and Molotov (Ural) regions. In longitude, the subspecies ranges from Normandy (France) to the Perm region (Russia). Only one specimen is known from the British Is. and it has never been caught in the Pyrenees. All the southern locations are in the mountains ; many northern ones are ancient]].
Book reference
  • Літопис природи. Природний заповідник «Медобори». 2018, т.26. – Гримайлів, 2019. – 509 с.
Experts
  • Iren KONOVALOVA, e-mail: iren@museum.lviv.net

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Animalia
Eumetazoa
Arthropoda
Hexapoda
Insecta
Hymenoptera
Apidae