NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE
State Museum of Natural History
Biodiversity Data Centre

Stropharia aeruginosa (Curtis) Quél.

Synonym
  • Agaricus aeruginosus Curtis
  • Pratella aeruginosa (Curtis) Gray
  • Psilocybe aeruginosa (Curtis) Noordel.
  • Stropharia alpina (M. Lange) M. Lange, 1980
Vernacular Name
Verdigris Agaric
Images
Conservation status
No status defined
Value of species
Remarks
Detail
This mushroom is common in grassy woods, and on roadside verges in Britain, Europe, Asia (Iran) and parts of North America, growing on rotting wood. It particularly favours wood-chip mulches in gardens, and parks. The cap is convex, broadening, and becoming umbonate with age. It is from 2–8 cm in diameter. At first it is a vivid blue/green, and very glutinous (slimy), with a sprinkling of white veil remnants around the edge. The colour in the gluten fades, or is washed off as it matures, and it becomes yellow ocher, sometimes in patches, but mostly at the centre. Finally, it will lose the blue-green coloration completely. The stem is quite long and of uniform thickness. It has a fragile brown/black ring, and below this the stem is covered in fine white scales, or flakes. The gills are initially white, then clay-brown, and sometimes have a white edge. The spore print is brownish-purple, and the oval spores 7–10 x 5 μm. The verdigris agaric is reported as poisonous in many guidebooks printed in the Western Hemisphere, yet the effect of poisoning is little known and toxic constituents unknown. According to some European guidebooks the verdigris agaric is edible, but undesirable due to mildly spicy taste.
Book reference
Experts

Taxonomic branch

Biota
Eukaryota
Fungi
Dikarya
Basidiomycota
Agaricomycotina
Agaricomycetes
Agaricales
Hymenogastraceae